28.04.2021 Bedingungssätze II
28.04.2021 Bedingungssätze II
28.04.2021 Irregular Verbs

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The Tenses (active voice)

Simple present

The sun rises in the east.

 

  • used to talk about something that happens regularly, usually often or never.
  • used if something is always true.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
work
work
works
work
work
work

Present progressive

Jane is working on her new article.

We are flying to Paris on Friday.

 

Bild prespro.gif
  • is used when an activity or event is in progess at the moment of speaking and hasn't finished yet.
  • used when an activity has been arranged for a certain time in the future.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
am
are
is
are
are
are
working

Simple Past

I painted a picture yesterday.

 

Bild past.gif
  • used to say when something happened.
  • used to report about past events or to tell a story.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
worked

Past Progressive

I was cleaning my car when it began to rain.

 

Bild pastpro.gif
  • used when an activity was in progress at a certain point in time in the past.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
was
were
was
were
were
were
working

Present perfect

John has bought a new car.

 

Bild presper.gif
  • used to say that someting has happened in the past, but it is not kown or unimportant when. Only the result of the action is important.
  • used with state verbs.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
have
have
has
have
have
have
worked

Present perfect progressive

I have been learning English for 4 years.

I have been learning English since 1998.

 

Bild presperpro.gif
  • used if an activity started in the past and continues (almost) up to the present.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
have been
have been
has been
have been
have been
have been
working

Past perfect

I had looked at the letter before I gave it to her.

 

Bild pastperf.gif
  • used when an action took place before another action in the past.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
had
worked

Past perfect progressive

I had been trying to phone her before my boss entered

 

Bild pastperpro.gif
  • used for an activity that started before a certain time in the past and finished at that point.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
had been
working

will-future

It will rain again tomorrow.

All right, I will think about it again.

  • used to talk about a future event that can't be planned or influenced.
  • used with spontaneous decisions about the future.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
will
work

Future progressive

This afternoon I will be travelling to London.

 

Bild futpro.gif
  • used to talk about an activity that will be in progress at a certain point in time in the future.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
will be
working

Future perfect

He will have finished when we return.

 

Bild futperf.gif
  • used to talk about something that will happen in the future, but will be finished at a certain point in time.

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
will have
worked

Future perfect progressive

When we return he will have been working for two hours.

 

Bild futperfpro.gif
  • we put our minds to a certain point in time in the future at which a certain event will have finished.
    (cp. present perfect progressive)

I
You
He, she, it
We
You
They
will have been
working

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